Conference Coverage

Opioid crisis brings bonanza for headache research


 

REPORTING FROM THE AHS ANNUAL MEETING

– Congressional funding of the National Institutes of Health’s HEAL Initiative represents an unprecedented golden opportunity for research funding on headache and other pain conditions, according to Michael L. Oshinsky, PhD, a neurobiologist who serves as program director for pain and migraine at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).

NIH HEAL Initiative word cloud

“This is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for physician researchers and basic science researchers to identify projects and request funding from NIH. This is an amount of money that doesn’t come along very often. It’s really a once in a lifetime situation, and I implore you to take advantage of this tremendous opportunity,” he urged attendees at the annual meeting of the American Headache Society.

Congress gave the NIH $500 million for the HEAL (Helping to End Addiction Long-term) Initiative to be spent over the course of fiscal years 2018 and 2019. The money is to be split equally on the initiative’s two components: opioid use disorder and pain management.

“We’re going to spend $250 million on pain, be sure of it,” Dr. Oshinsky promised.

Pain management issues cut across all 27 NIH institutes and centers. However, the biggest chunk of the money goes to NINDS, which leads the NIH Pain Consortium, charged with enhancing pain research and promoting collaboration across NIH.

Within NINDS, funding for migraine research has been formally designated as an HPP, or high program priority, according to Dr. Oshinsky.

“Headache research gets funded. It really does. I want to dispel the myth that there isn’t an interest in headache research or migraine research at NIH. Currently, at NINDS, we have more than 60 funded projects that specifically address scientific questions about migraine and headache. That’s more than any other government in the world,” he said.

And it’s not all basic science research related to headache that NINDS is interested in fostering, either. The institute is eager to fund large clinical trials, pediatric headache research, studies of device therapies, and a wealth of other projects.


Among the HEAL initiatives that have already been approved is a project aimed at identifying and validating new pain targets. Another is focused upon finding risk factors with clinically meaningful predictive value for transition from acute to chronic pain, be they biomarkers, imaging findings, or genetic characteristics. Yet another program is an NIH-industry collaboration that aims to identify new treatments for pain that are nonaddictive, nonrewarding, nonsedating, and safe across age groups; candidate biologics, small molecules, devices, and natural products will be screened in vitro and in animal models, with the successful ones moving on to clinical trials.

Funding opportunity announcements are imminent for creation of a planned NIH clinical trials network for pain research, which will conduct phase 2 trials in specialized pain centers. The focus will be on well-characterized pain conditions with high unmet medical need, including headache as well as orofacial, pelvic, gastrointestinal, and cancer pain.

Dr. Oshinsky encouraged academicians to have their fellows apply for the NIH early career development awards known as K awards.

“They are much easier to get than R01 awards and they provide a tremendous opportunity for jump-starting the career of new scientists in the headache field. Have them reach out to me. I can help them through the process, help them develop their project, and get them funded with a K award. And the transition from a K award to an R01 is a much smoother transition,” he said.

Research funding proposals should use the NINDS Common Data Elements for headache, recently updated by more than 40 experts in headache medicine and research.

Dr. Oshinsky said most of the new pain management programs will be funded in fiscal year 2019. These novel programs have to be approved by oversight committees, and that takes time. The reason that the bulk of HEAL Initiative funding in fiscal year 2018 is going for opioid use disorder is that much of that money is being spent on expansion of existing programs, which can quickly be ramped up without the same degree of oversight required for new programs.

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