In hindsight, a widely used prognostic model for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) has been shown to be effective at stratifying patient risk, and may inform the design of future clinical trials.
By retrospectively comparing clinical outcomes with risk categories determined by the International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium (IMDC) model, Brian I Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, and his colleagues found notable differences in progression-free survival, overall survival, and objective response rates between the different risk categories among patients with mRCC treated with sunitinib (Sutent) in a major clinical trial.
“These benchmark values can aid current and future design and interpretation of clinical trials in mRCC. Results of this analysis demonstrate clear differences in patient outcomes based on IMDC prognostic risk group,” they wrote. The report was published in.
They also found that the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) model appeared to be similar in prognostic utility to the IMDC model, and that either model could be useful for counseling patients about prognosis and treatment options.
They based their conclusions on an analysis of data from acomparing sunitinib with interferon alfa in patients with mRCC. Patients in this study were grouped according to prognostic risk category by the MSKCC criteria, which overlap with the IMDC criteria in five of six areas.
In the current study, Dr. Rini and his associates applied the IMDC criteria to the same population, and derived benchmark values for outcomes by IMDC risk groups based on radiologic tumor progression measurements performed by independent reviewers on images of patients in the intention-to-treat population.
They also conducted an analysis of data from investigator measurements of tumor progression, and compared the results with the independently reviewed radiologic data for patients outcomes according to the MSKCC model.