ORLANDO – Annual skin exams reduced the rate of advanced keratinocyte carcinoma (KC) after solid organ transplant by 34%, according to a review of 10,198 transplant patients in Ontario, Canada.
Transplant patients have a far higher risk of KC than the general public because of immunosuppression: A quarter of patients are affected within 5 years. Transplant guidelines have recommended annual skin exams.
Other studies have reported adherence rates of up to 50%, but the numbers were based largely on patient self-report. Instead, the Ontario study used billing codes and other administrative data to get an idea of how many patients actually followed through.
“I would be surprised if other jurisdictions have significantly better rates of adherence,”lead investigator of the division of dermatology at the University of Toronto and director of a transplant dermatology clinic at the University Health Network.
Part of the problem is that there’s just not a lot of evidence that annual screenings improve KC outcomes, he noted.
To help plug that evidence gap, Dr. Chan and his team reviewed transplant cases in Ontario going back to the mid-1990s; 62% of the patients had kidney transplants, 24% had liver transplants, and the rest had heart or lung transplants. The patients were all aged over 18 years; 60% were white, 15% Asian, 4% black, and the rest unknown. About two-thirds were men.