MONTREAL – Enhanced and prolonged rhythm monitoring for atrial fibrillation in patients with a recent acute ischemic stroke did not find more arrhythmias, it just found them faster, in a randomized study with 398 German patients.
“Prolonged and enhanced monitoring identified atrial fibrillation cases that otherwise were detected years later,”, said at the World Stroke Congress. Enhanced and prolonged monitoring (EPM) “should be considered for all stroke patients, regardless of the suspected stroke etiology, if detection of atrial fibrillation is of clinical relevance,” said Dr. Wachter, a cardiologist and professor at the University Clinic in Leipzig, Germany.
Based on 3-year follow-up of patients enrolled in the FIND-AF study, which randomized patients within 7 days of an acute ischemic stroke to either EPM for atrial fibrillation (AF) or standard work-up and follow-up, Dr. Wachter calculated that every six such patients who underwent EMP for AF yielded one added patient who could receive anticoagulant prophylaxis for 1 year, an effect that should result in fewer incident strokes and deaths. The data he reported showed after 3 years a “favorable trend” toward fewer strokes and deaths among patients who underwent EPM.
(A Prospective, Randomised, Controlled Study to Determine the Detection of Atrial Fibrillation by Prolonged and Enhanced Holter Monitoring as Compared to Usual Care in Stroke Patients) ran at four German centers during May 2013–August 2014. It enrolled 398 patients aged 60 years or older within 7 days of an acute ischemic stroke who were in sinus rhythm and had no AF history. Enrolled patients could have any type of suspected stroke etiology, but the study excluded patients with severe stenosis in their ipsilateral carotid or intracranial arteries. The study randomized patients to received EPM or a standard work-up. The “enhanced” part of EPM meant review of Holter monitor recordings by a single, dedicated core laboratory. The “prolonged” part meant routinely screening patients for an atrial arrhythmia using a Holter monitor worn for 10 consecutive days on three occasions: at entry into the study, 3 months later, and 6 months later.
The study’s primary endpoint was the number of patients diagnosed with AF after 6 months, which was 27 of 200 patients (13.5%) in the EPM arm and 9 of 198 patients (4.5%) in the control arm, a statistically significant difference, Dr. Wachter and his associates reported in Lancet Neurology ().
The additional 30 months of follow-up included in the new report by Dr. Wachter resulted in identification of 3 more patients with AF in the EPM group and 13 more patients in the control arm, which brought the total number of patients with AF identified over 3 years to 30 in the EPM group (15%), and 22 in the control group (11%), a difference that was not statistically significant. In other words, both approaches found roughly the same percentage of patients with AF, but the EPM method found them quicker.
During the extended 36-month follow-up, 12 patients in the EPM group had an ischemic stroke and 9 patients died, with a combined stroke and death rate of about 8%. In the control group, 19 patients had a second ischemic stroke and 13 died, with a combined rate of about 15%. A statistical test of the difference between the combined stroke and death rates in these two groups produced a P value of .08.
FIND-AF was funded by Boehringer Ingelheim. Dr. Wachter has been a speaker on behalf of and has received research funding from Boehringer Ingelheim, and he has also been a speaker on behalf of Bayer, BMS/Pfizer, and Daiichi Sankyo.
SOURCE: Wachter R et al. World Stroke Congress, .