Weight loss caused by metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) independently predicts the normalization of dyslipidemia, elevated blood pressure (EPB), hyperinsulinemia, diabetes, and elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in severely obese adolescents, according to results of a longitudinal, multicenter prospective study.
In the study of 242 severely obese adolescents undergoing MBS between Feb. 28, 2007, and Dec. 30, 2011,, of Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, and his colleagues found that with every 10% increase in weight loss, patients were 24%, 11%, 14%, 13%, and 19% more likely to resolve dyslipidemia, EBP, hyperinsulinemia, diabetes, and elevated hs-CRP, respectively.
One of the most important facets of this study is the predictive nature of different patient risk factors on the future remission of cardiovascular disease symptoms.
For example, “the evidence suggests that better long-term outcomes may be anticipated among individuals undergoing MBS at lower BMI levels (i.e., less than 50),” they reported in the journal. “Increasing age at the time of MBS was associated with a reduced likelihood of dyslipidemia remission and normalization of hs-CRP,” which was true even in the narrow age range of this group of adolescents.
“The identification of specific predictors of CVD-RF [cardiovascular disease risk factors] normalization and/or remission on the basis of sex, race, preoperative BMI, and age at surgery may serve to improve future study design and insights regarding the optimization of treatment strategies,” wrote Dr. Michalsky and his colleagues. “Collectively, these data demonstrate a reduction in the risk for development of CVD in adulthood and offer additional, compelling support for MBS in adolescents.”
Dr. Inge has worked as a consultant for Standard Bariatrics, UpToDate, and Independent Medical Expert Consulting Services; all of these companies are unrelated to this research. John B. Dixon, PhD, has received support for his research through a National Health and Medical Research Council research fellowship. Anita Courcoulas, MD, has received grants from various health care groups and companies. All other authors had no relevant financial disclosures. The study was funded by a variety of institutional grants and the National Institutes of Health.
SOURCE: M Michalsky et al. Pediatrics. 2018 Jan 8. .