Pentax has issued a voluntary recall for Pentax ED-3490TK duodenoscopes because of infections associated with reprocessed duodenoscopes, and the Food and Drug Administration has cleared the 510(k) to improve the device. The new design will, it is hoped, improve cleaning and disinfection for these devices.
“Reducing infections associated with duodenoscopes remains a top priority for the FDA, and we believe the new design changes to the Pentax duodenoscope will make these devices easier to clean and high-level disinfect to help enhance their safety,” said Suzanne Schwartz, MD, associate director for science and strategic partnerships at the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “We will continue to encourage new innovations for these devices to protect public health while enabling patients to have continued access to minimally invasive, life-saving endoscopy procedures.”
. In one study, even after double high-level disinfection or standard high-level disinfection followed by ethylene oxide gas sterilization, duodenoscopes had . These contamination events were associated with outbreaks of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae infections. One of the culprits behind residual contamination may be the presence of biofilms, which are notoriously difficult to clean with standard disinfection methods.
Prior to the clearance of the elevator channel sealing mechanism, the first duodenoscope with awas introduced, the Pentax ED34-i10T. The use of a disposable tip for the duodenoscope is meant to decrease the risk of future infections associated with these devices. The use of a disposable tip also improves cleaning and reprocessing of the duodenoscopes.
The FDA continues to work with manufacturers to improve the safety of duodenscopes and other reusable medical devices to protect patients from bacterial infections.