Under the new definition (≥ 130/80 mm Hg), 46% of US adults have hypertension.
It outperforms other risk-stratification tools. Drawbacks include the possibility of unnecessary testing and incidental findings.
Current evidence suggests little reason to prescribe calcium, and vitamin D should be for patients with low levels.
Coronary calcium scoring is safe and accurate, but who should be tested?
The Clinical Picture
Causes include nutritional deficiencies, local and systemic factors, and drug treatment.
Set modest calcium targets, maximize dietary intake, and make up the deficit with calcium citrate.
From the Editor
I do not believe we truly understand the ideal amount of dietary and supplemental calcium or vitamin D for a given patient.
Despite proven benefits, referral and participation rates remain low. Efforts to boost usage are underway.
There is no need to continue Pap testing after hysterectomy for a benign indication.
Yes. Troponin elevation is a nonspecific sign.