The Clinical Picture
Computed tomography revealed a hematoma measuring 15 by 15 cm compressing the bladder and causing hydronephrosis.
Inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system are cornerstones of therapy of cardiovascular disease.
Current Drug Therapy
Concern about hyperkalemia and a decline in renal function has led to underuse of these drugs.
From the Editor
Physical examination is cheap but not highly reproducible. Imaging is expensive but may be more sensitive and specific.
Imaging is recommended for those at risk of complications.
Various risk factors have been identified, and some are potentially modifiable.
Negative results are not always reassuring, and false-positive results pose risks.
Symptoms to Diagnosis
A 55-year-old smoker with COPD presents with malaise, paresthesias, and severe hypertension; what is the cause?
When treating high blood pressure, how low should we try to go? Debate continues.