With a myriad of causes and nonspecific symptoms, pulmonary hypertension needs a methodic diagnostic approach.
This devastating and fatal lung disease generally affects older adults, especially men, and can be mistaken for COPD.
The primary care physician can play key roles in diagnosis, referral, and long-term management.
This supplement aims to provide an introduction to 4 key topics in COPD management in primary care.
Patients with COPD may enter a downward spiral of dyspnea-induced inactivity, resulting in deconditioning.
Anxiety and depression are common in patients with COPD and result in worse outcomes.
Pressurized metered-dose inhalers, dry powder inhalers, soft-mist inhalers, and nebulizers each have advantages and limitations.
Treatment Options for Stable Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Current Recommendations and Unmet Needs
Primary care physicians manage the care of approximately 80% of patients with COPD.