(NSCLC), according to the results of a 21-patient pilot trial.
Eighty percent of patients were alive and recurrence-free a year after surgery, said, and his colleagues from Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. The only grade 3 or higher adverse event was treatment-related pneumonia, which did not prevent surgery. The findings were reported at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research and simultaneously in the .
For the study (), 21 patients with treatment-naive, stage I, II, or III NSCLC received two preoperative doses of nivolumab (3 mg/kg) 2 weeks apart, with surgery timed for 4 weeks after the first dose. In all, 62% of patients had adenocarcinoma, 81% had stage II or IIIa disease, and 86% were current or former smokers. Patients were followed for a median of 12 months after surgery (range, 0.8-19.7 months), and the researchers assessed safety, tumor response, programmed death ligand 1 mutational burden, and T-cell response.
Among 20 patients with evaluable resected primary tumors, nine (45%) showed a major pathologic response, defined as having 10% or fewer residual viable tumor cells. Twelve-month, recurrence-free survival was 83% (95% confidence interval, 66%-100%). The three progressors included one patient with 75% residual tumor at resection who subsequently developed a brain lesion, a patient with 5% residual tumor at resection who developed mediastinal lymph node recurrence, and a patient with 80% residual tumor at resection. The first two patients had durable responses to stereotactic radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy, while the third patient developed fatal distal metastatic disease.