Conference Coverage

ERAS reduced opioid use, improved same-day discharge after gyn surgery

 

Key clinical point: ERAS pathways improve same-day discharge rates and reduce opioid use in gynecologic surgery.

Major finding: Same-day discharge rates before and after ERAS were 25.9% and 91.7%, respectively.

Study details: A retrospective review of 258 patients; a study of 161 patients.

Disclosures: Dr. Carter-Brooks’s study was supported by a National Institutes of Health grant. She and Ms. Fowler each reported having no disclosures.

Sources: Carter-Brooks C et al.; Fowler M et al. SGS 2018, Oral presentation 2; Oral posters 1 and 16.

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Monitor for unintended ERAS consequences

The ERAS pathway described by Dr. Carter-Brooks embraces the core tenets of enhanced recovery, including standardized patient education, multimodal analgesia, and predefined postoperative metrics, according to invited discussant Mark Walters, MD.

Dr. Mark Walters

Dr. Mark Walters

“They documented reduced patient stays and excellent patient satisfaction when they introduced these deliberate and systematic performance improvement practices,” he said. “But implementing these protocols doesn’t happen in a vacuum.”

In fact, systematic culture change requires the involvement of surgeons, nurses, anesthesiologists, and administrative staff, Dr. Walters added.

“Additionally, such significant behavioral changes inevitably result in unintended consequences that must be carefully documented to learn how to mitigate harm in future patients,” he said.

Dr. Walters is professor and vice chair of gynecology in the Center of Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery, department of obstetrics and gynecology at the Cleveland Clinic. He is a consultant and teacher for Coloplast.


 

REPORTING FROM SGS 2018

– The implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways increased same-day discharge rates, but also was associated with a slight increase in readmissions within 30 days, according to a retrospective review of urogynecology cases at a single institution.

ERAS implementation also decreased total opioid use and pain scores, increased preemptive antiemetic use, and reduced rescue antiemetic needs in the postanesthesia care unit, Charelle M. Carter-Brooks, MD, reported at the annual scientific meeting of the Society of Gynecologic Surgeons.


In a separate study at an urban safety-net hospital, ERAS implementation was feasible and rapidly accomplished, and resulted in a number of improved outcomes among gynecologic surgery patients, including reduced intraoperative opioid and intravenous fluid use, reduced postoperative intravenous opioid use, and shorter Foley catheter duration – all without an increase in total adverse events.

In the first study, same-day discharge rates were 91.7% in 137 women who underwent urogynecologic surgery after ERAS implementation vs. 25.9% in 121 patients who underwent surgery before ERAS implementation, and average length of admission decreased by 17.4 hours (27.7 vs. 10.3 hours), Dr. Carter-Brooks of Magee-Womens Hospital, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, reported in an oral paper presentation.

Operative time and postsurgical recovery room times were similar before and after ERAS implementation, but earlier discharge in the ERAS group was associated with about a 5% increase in readmission rates within 30 days (readmission rates of 1.5% and 6.7% before and after implementation), she noted.

Other outcomes, including postoperative complications, urinary tract infections, emergency room visits, unanticipated office visits, and returns to the operating room were similar in the two groups, she said.

After adjusting for age, body mass index, comorbidities, and operative time, length of stay decreased by 13.6 hours after ERAS implementation; after adjusting for age and operative time, same-day discharge was 32 times more likely after ERAS implementation; and after adjusting for age, operative time, and prolapse surgery type, readmission was 5.7 times more likely after ERAS implementation, she said.

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