The Evolution of Pain Management Nursing

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During the first half of my nursing career, my focus was in the maternal-child health care field. My husband's career in the U.S. Air Force required multiple transfers to various areas in the U.S., and with each move I took a new job within that specialty. I approached the management of pain in my patients without much regard and fought it with the most common weapon in the arsenal at the time: intramuscular (IM) opioid injections.


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