Clinical Edge Journal Scan

Alpha-fetoprotein and carbohydrate antigen 19-9: Prognostic markers in HCC after hepatectomy


Key clinical point: The combination of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) may effectively predict the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after radical hepatectomy.

Major finding: The 5-year overall and recurrence-free survival rates were significantly lower among patients with high preoperative serum AFP and CA19-9 levels than among those with high serum AFP or CA19-9 levels ( P = .022 and P = .004, respectively) and those with low serum AFP and CA19-9 levels (both P < .001).

Study details: This retrospective study included 711 patients with HCC who were categorized as having low (≤400 ng/mL; n = 381) or high (>400 ng/mL; n = 330) preoperative serum AFP levels and as having low (≤37 U/mL; n = 552) or high (>37 U/mL; n = 159) preoperative serum CA19-9 levels.

Disclosures: This study was sponsored by the Youth Program of Scientific Research Foundation of Guangxi Medical University Cancer Hospital, China, among others. The authors declared no conflicts of interest.

Source: Zhang J et al. Prognostic significance of combined α-fetoprotein and CA19-9 for hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatectomy. World J Surg Oncol. 2022;20:346 (Oct 19). Doi: 10.1186/s12957-022-02806-9

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