Key clinical point: Compared with sorafenib, atezolizumab-bevacizumab led to more frequent acute variceal bleeding (AVB) in patients with locally advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cirrhosis, with a history of AVB being associated with AVB during follow-up.
Major finding: At 1 year, patients who received atezolizumab-bevacizumab vs sorafenib had significantly higher AVB occurrence (21% vs 5%; P = .02). A previous history of AVB was independently associated with AVB during therapy (adjusted hazard ratio 10.58; P = .03).
Study details: This single-center prospective study included 43 patients with locally advanced HCC and cirrhosis who received atezolizumab-bevacizumab and a retrospective series of 122 control patients who received sorafenib.
Disclosures: This study did not receive any funding. No information on conflicts of interest was provided.
Source: Larrey E et al. A history of variceal bleeding is associated with further bleeding under atezolizumab-bevacizumab in patients with HCC. Liver Int. 2022 (Oct 18). Doi: 10.1111/liv.15458