Key clinical point: Compared with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) offers better efficacy in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) without significantly compromising safety.
Major finding: Patients receiving HAIC vs TACE had a significantly longer median overall survival (11.2 vs 9.0 months; P = .010) and progression-free survival (5.6 vs 2.0 months; P = .006) and a higher objective response rate (56.8% vs 18.2%; P < .001). No treatment‐related grade 4/5 adverse events were reported.
Study details: This was a propensity score‐matched cohort study including 44 pairs of adult patients with advanced HCC and PVTT who underwent HAIC with oxaliplatin plus raltitrexed or TACE.
Disclosures: This study was supported by the Guiding Project of Science and Technology Program of Fujian Province, China.
Source: Chen S, Yuan B, et al. Hepatic arterial infusion oxaliplatin plus raltitrexed and chemoembolization in hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein invasion: A propensity score-matching cohort study. J Surg Oncol. 2022 (Jul 20). Doi: 10.1002/jso.27023