When blood pressure drops dangerously low, organ failure and death are real possibilities. Most deaths from trauma-related shock happen within 24 hours. But not all critically ill hypotensive patients respond to available therapies. A newly approved injectable drug could be a lifesaver for those patients.
Giapreza (angiotensin II/La Jolla Pharmaceutical, San Diego, CA) injection for intravenous infusion has been approved to increase blood pressure in cases of septic or other distributive shock. In a clinical trial of 321 patients with shock and critically low blood pressure, significantly more responded to treatment with Giapreza, compared with placebo. Giapreza effectively raised blood pressure when added to conventional treatments.
Giapreza can cause dangerous blood clots, including deep vein thrombosis. The FDA advises prophylactic treatment for blood clots.