Psychiatrist inspired future generations of leaders

Dr. Carl C. Bell’s legacy ‘will live on through the multiplier effect’


As psychiatry mourns Carl Compton Bell, MD, a giant in our field, we pay homage to his legacy of leadership and productivity.

Dr. Carl C. Bell, staff psychiatrist at Jackson Park Hospital’s surgical-medical/psychiatric inpatient unit, and clinical professor emeritus, department of psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago

Dr. Carl C. Bell

Dr. Bell wore many hats: community psychiatrist par excellence, award-winning researcher, clinician, public health advocate, mentor, and activist. Eschewing the mold of the stereotypical psychiatrist, he lectured in cowboy hats, baseball caps, message T-shirts, and shades – all conveying his youthful, down-to-earth, yet serious, psychiatrist-of-the-people style. He demonstrated that scholarship could combat racial inequities and made it clear that he had much to accomplish yet little to prove.

Dr. Bell implored physicians to not only treat health problems but also to rectify “upstream” issues. He encouraged their engagement in “bent-nail research,” empirical study directly in the communities where they work – even with limited resources. This approach, rooted in public health and prevention, undergirds his groundbreaking work in the treatment of fetal alcohol exposure with choline and folic acid. HIV prevention in South Africa was another area of study where he developed innovative strategies with successful outcomes. In his study of trauma in youth, he underscored that “risk factors are not predictive factors because of protective factors.”

Kimberly Gordon-Achebe, MD

Dr. Kimberly Gordon-Achebe

He promoted social fabric, an adult protective shield, connectedness, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and social skills as protective. He understood that, with treatment and community supports, children exposed to violence were not doomed to a life of aberrant behavior.

A prolific author, Dr. Bell’s peer-reviewed articles are often cited and have become the gospel for community mental health. He bemoaned the insufficient translation of published research into reality in the community. His writings suggested that psychiatry should not assume that its standards of diagnosis and treatment apply entirely to nonwhite populations. This fact remains a call to action for those of us he leaves behind.

Danielle Hairston, MD

Dr. Danielle Hairston

As a clinician, Dr. Bell listened intently to his patients to understand their current situations, histories, family histories, and contexts in which they lived. He was so dedicated to their care that, when a mental health center he led for years abruptly closed its doors, he set up a makeshift office on the front sidewalk to serve patients who might not have known about its closure.

Dr. Bell was active in organized psychiatry, serving as past chair of the American Psychiatric Association Council on Social Issues and Public Psychiatry. He inspired the creation of the APA’s Transformational Leadership in Public Psychiatry Fellowship for early- and mid-career psychiatrists. A loyal member of the Black Psychiatrists of America, he took pride in having saved all of BPA’s newsletters dating back to its founding in 1969.

Steven Starks, MD

Dr. Steven Starks

His participation in those associations and in the National Medical Association was an avenue through which his robust scholarship encouraged the next generations of black psychiatrists. Those countless psychiatrists who trusted Dr. Bell’s wise counsel have gone on to become leaders. They are proof that his extraordinary accomplishments and spirit will live on through the multiplier effect of their contributions to the field and mentorship of future psychiatrists for years to come.

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