Losing a patient to suicide is one of the most difficult and painful experiences a psychiatrist will face. In addition to concern for the patient and his or her family, psychiatrists may experience thoughts of responsibility and what they could have done to prevent the suicide. Although often trained in helping patients address grief, psychiatrists may not be as comfortable processing their own grief after the loss of a patient to suicide.
On April 24, MDedge Psychiatry hosted a conversation on Twitter to help psychiatrists examine some of their own feelings about losing patients in this way. Two psychiatrists – Dinah Miller, MD, and Eric Plakun, MD – responded to questions on this topic.
Dr. Miller is the author of numerous books and articles, including “” (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016), which she wrote with Dr. Annette Hanson, and a piece in the about her own experience with the death of a patient to suicide. She has a private practice in Baltimore and is affiliated with Johns Hopkins University there. Dr. Plakun is the medical director and CEO of the Austen Riggs Center based in Stockbridge, Mass., a “Top 10” U.S. News and World Report “Best Hospital” in psychiatry. He also serves on the board of trustees of the American Psychiatric Association representing New England and Eastern Canada, and was the founding leader of the APA Psychotherapy Caucus. Dr. Plakun is a board-certified psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, former member of the Harvard Medical School clinical faculty, and author of more than 50 publications.
Some of the conversation focused on the impact of patient suicide on young doctors. “I tell the residents: Never Worry Alone,” Dr. Miller wrote. “When in doubt, get supervision, curbside consult, formal paid supervision, or send the patient for a second opinion. Have friends.”
Dr. Miller also wrote that these kinds of losses are difficult for experienced doctors, but “just awful when you’re just starting out. A young psychiatrist I knew lost two patients early on in her career. Hang in there – sending support.”
Dr. Plakun wrote. “Questioning whether one wants to do such work is not unusual.”
The following is an edited version of the discussion.
Question: Have you ever lost a patient to suicide?
Dr. Plakun: This is an important subject and worth bringing to wider discussion. Thirty-eight percent of clinicians experience a significant reaction to this kind of loss.
Dr. Miller: I spent decades worrying that a patient might die by suicide. The reality was more troubling to me than I imagined. It left me more hesitant, less trusting of both the patients and myself. Not always, just at moments. The work we do is hard.
Dr. Plakun: Not one I was working with, but several after we terminated. And it has happened to patients I admitted to Austen Riggs during 35 years as director of admissions.
Dr. Miller: You know, I was struck by the fact that we have no formal way to approach this ... the APA info is for residents. This was part of why I wrote the NEJM piece, to open the conversation.