Pearls

Can taming inflammation help reduce aggression?

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Vitamin C also can effectively lower CRP levels. In a 2-month study, 396 participants with elevated CRP levels received vitamin C, 1,000 mg/d, vitamin E, 800 IU/d, or placebo.7 Although vitamin E didn’t reduce CRP levels, vitamin C reduced CRP by 25.3% compared with placebo. Vitamin C is as effective as statins in controlling this biomarker.

Several nonpharmacologic measures also can help reduce the immune system’s activation of CRP, including increased physical activity, increased intake of low glycemic food and supplemental omega-3 fatty acids, improved dental hygiene, and enhanced sleep.

Using a relatively simple and inexpensive laboratory test for measuring CRP might help predict or stratify the risk of aggressive behavior among psychiatric inpatients. For psychiatric patients with elevated inflammatory markers, the interventions described here may be useful as adjunctive treatments to help reduce aggression and injury in an inpatient setting.

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