In response to a warning that the Medicare trust fund is in financial trouble, the Bush administration recently proposed legislation that would tie physician payments to quality, cap medical liability damages, and encourage nationwide adoption of electronic health records.
Health and Human Services Secretary Mike Leavitt submitted the proposed legislation to Congress last month, in response to the Medicare Trustees' warning for the second year in a row that general federal revenue would be needed to pay for more than 45% of program expenditures.
“The Medicare program is on an unsustainable path, driven by two principal factors: projected growth in its per-capita costs, and increases in the beneficiary population as a result of population aging,” Mr. Leavitt said in a letter to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.). “Excess cost growth will not be brought under control until there is comprehensive reform changing Medicare's underlying structure.”
Under the proposal, the HHS secretary would design and implement a system to tie a portion of the Medicare payment to providers to performance on quality and efficiency measures. Implementation would start in areas with well-accepted measures such as hospitals, physician offices, home health agencies, skilled nursing facilities, and renal dialysis facilities.
The legislation also would limit the length of time that individuals have to sue for medical malpractice, would cap noneconomic damages at $250,000 and punitive damages at $250,000 or twice the economic damages (whichever is greater), and would limit contingency fees paid to plaintiffs' attorneys. The HHS estimates that defensive medicine raises the cost of care in federal programs including Medicare, Medicaid, and Veterans Affairs, by about $28 billion a year.
Starting in 2009, the administration's proposal would increase beneficiary premiums for Part D prescription drug coverage for single beneficiaries earning more than $82,000 a year and couples earning more than $164,000. The HHS estimates that the change would save nearly $3.2 billion over 5 years.
The legislative proposal also requires the HHS secretary to develop a system to encourage the nationwide adoption and use of interoperable electronic health records.
Mr. Leavitt urged Congress to adopt the proposed changes in conjunction with the administration's fiscal year 2009 budget proposal, which includes legislative and administrative proposals that would cut $12.8 billion from Medicare in fiscal year 2009 and about $183 billion over the next 5 years.
Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.), chair of the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee, said the administration's proposed Medicare cuts were dead on arrival. “The administration has trumped up a phony crisis in Medicare to justify proposing deep cuts in quality health care for seniors while giving massive subsidies to HMOs and other insurance companies,” he said in a statement.