The Cleveland Clinic has established a state-of-the-art electronic medical records system to provide the best information not only to clinicians, but also to patients, according to one of the system's architects.
The goal is to make sure that patients—who now have access to literally billions of pages of medical information online—can get the most relevant and accurate information as part of their electronic health record, said Dr. C. Martin Harris, chief information officer of the Cleveland Clinic Foundation.
“We need to get prepared for the coming consumerism in health care, because patients will have access to medical advice that no longer comes from the physician or nurse,” said Dr. Harris. He cited research that shows about one-third of medical information available online is of high quality, one-third could be useful but would require some interpretation, and the last third is “completely off the mark.”
“One of the things we clearly have to understand is what information patients and consumers have access to and what tools they have to gain access, so that we can tailor our services,” Dr. Harris said during a virtual conference sponsored the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS).
Over the past 5 years, the Cleveland Clinic has built a foundation-wide e-health program that's completely integrated with its clinical programs, Dr. Harris said.
The e-health initiative features electronic medical records, test ordering and results, pharmacy records, and care reminders for physicians. But it also includes access to medical records and certain test results for patients, along with medical information that's been vetted for accuracy and appropriateness.
“It allows us to establish an ongoing relationship with patients after they leave the physician's office and after they leave the hospital bed,” Dr. Harris said, adding that the Cleveland Clinic set out to develop tools for both doctors and patients when it created the system. “It is a single tool that goes from the initial ambulatory visit to the hospital and back again,” he said.
A total of 5,662 physicians use the electronic medical record module, including about 1,500 employed by the Cleveland Clinic and approximately 4,100 who practice in hospitals in the Cleveland Clinic system. Once other clinicians and support personnel are added, there will be about 33,000 users for the system, Dr. Harris said.
On the outpatient side, the system integrates schedules, laboratory results, other medical documentation, a computerized physician order entry system, and best practice alerts, Dr. Harris said. In one mode, physicians can communicate either informally or formally; in formal mode, comments are added to the medical record, he said.
On the inpatient side, it's exactly the same tool, although it incorporates some different elements, including a medication administration record, vital signs, and clerk order entry, Dr. Harris said, adding that “almost all of our nursing documentation is online at this point.”
The system keeps track of recommended screenings and medical procedures for all patients, and provides that list to the physician electronically at the time of an office visit, allowing the physician to focus on what hasn't been done and might be needed. “That's a very powerful technique,” Dr. Harris said.
The system also provides safety tools and will alert physicians to potential drug-drug interactions and other possible problems, Dr. Harris said. “It's virtually impossible for a physician to remember every drug-drug interaction they might see in a particular patient,” he said, noting that the average Cleveland Clinic patient is 65 years old and is taking at least six prescription medications.
Patient services include the ability to view medical records, health reminders, and health care schedules, as well as features that allow them to request appointments and renew prescriptions, Dr. Harris said. “Our goal is to get as much information in front of the patient as possible.”
In fact, the Cleveland Clinic actually is releasing certain routine test results via this online system directly to patients, Dr. Harris said. “We're moving from having the physician screen it [and approve the information's release] to having it automatically released after about 24 hours,” he said.
In addition, patients are being sent a list of health maintenance activities, such as routine screenings, they should be arranging for over the course of a calendar year, Dr. Harris said. And, the system produces a “health issues” list for patients to have and share with their physicians, he said.
The Cleveland Clinic's system also provides a streamlined process for getting a second opinion for a serious diagnosis. This process, Dr. Harris said, is available to any patient, not just those in the organization's service area, and is offered directly to patients with payment expected up front; patients are provided with instructions on how to seek reimbursement from their insurers.