NASHVILLE, TENN. – Many women with endometriosis experience dyspareunia, but they are largely unsatisfied when it comes to discussions with health care providers about their symptoms, the results of an online survey suggest.
Of 638 women with self-reported endometriosis who responded to the survey, 81% said they always or usually experience pain during intercourse, 51% described their pain as severe, and 49% said they experience pain lasting more than 24 hours, Roberta Renzelli-Cain, DO, reported during a poster session at the annual clinical and scientific meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
“The results of our survey suggest thatsaid director of the West Virginia National Center of Excellence in Women’s Health and an ob.gyn. at West Virginia University, Morgantown.
In fact, survey responses suggested that dyspareunia has a marked impact on quality of life; 69% of respondents said they find sexual intercourse unpleasant, 31% said they always or usually avoid intercourse, 44% strongly agreed that dyspareunia has affected their relationship with their spouse or partner, 63% said they worry that their spouse or partner will leave, and 63% said they feel depressed because of their dyspareunia, she and her colleagues found.
Most respondents (88%) discussed their symptoms with health care providers (HCPs), and 85% did so with their ob.gyn. Among the other HCPs who respondents spoke with about their dyspareunia were primary care physicians, nurse practitioners, emergency department doctors, fertility specialists, and pain specialists.
Among the reasons given for avoiding discussions with HCPs about painful intercourse were embarrassment (34% of respondents), thinking nothing would help (26%), the physician was a man (5%), and a feeling that the provider was not understanding (3%).
Overall, 18% of respondents said they received no advice from their HCPs regarding how to deal with their dyspareunia, and 39% found nothing that their HCPs suggested to be effective.
Advice given by HCPs included surgery, lubricant use, over-the-counter pain medication, and trying different sexual positions. The percentages of respondents receiving this advice, and the percentages who considered the advice effective, respectively, were 46%, 25% for surgery; 32%, 21% for lubricant use; 36%, 18% for OTC medication; and 21%, 14% for trying different sexual positions, the investigators said.
Importantly, 42% of respondent said they felt it would be easier to discuss dyspareunia if their HCP initiated the subject.
The findings are notable given that 6%-10% of women of childbearing age are affected by endometriosis, and about 30% of those women have related dyspareunia – a “challenging symptom associated with lower sexual functioning, as well as lower self-esteem, and body image,” the investigators wrote.
The 24-question English-language survey was conducted online among women aged 19 years or older who reported having endometriosis and dyspareunia. Participants were recruited via a social network for women with endometriosis () and invited by e-mail to participate.
Of the 32,865 invited participants, 361 U.S.-based women and 277 women from outside the United States completed the survey. Most (83%) were aged 19-29 years.
In this online survey, the majority of women reported suboptimal communication with HCPs when seeking help for dyspareunia, the investigators said, concluding that “these results were similar between the U.S.- and non-U.S.–based women, highlighting the need for better medical communication between patients and HCPs, and better advice for patients regarding dyspareunia.”
Dr. Renzelli-Cain reported having no relevant financial disclosures.