With the wax and wane in the popularity of single-port surgery and with the advent of improved instrumentation, minilaparoscopy would appear to be the next long-lasting surgical technique to enhance postsurgical cosmetic appearance. For this reason, it is surprising that the use of minilaparoscopy has not been acknowledged and evaluated as a viable option more often in general surgery and urology. This, despite the fact that the use of this technique in hysterectomy was described nearly 20 years ago.1
Our minimally invasive gynecologic surgery (MIGS) team has utilized minilaparoscopy for diagnostic laparoscopy, lysis of adhesions, treatment of stage I, II, and occasionally stage III endometriosis, ovarian cystectomy, ureterolysis, presacral neurectomy, and total laparoscopic hysterectomy – as has our guest author Steven McCarus, MD. When performing hysterectomy via minilaparoscopy, our team closes the vaginal cuff laparoscopically, placing the suture transvaginally.
By removing the fibroid via a colpotomy incision, the Italian MIGS surgeon Fabio Ghezzi, MD, is able to perform myomectomy and hysterectomy routinely via minilaparoscopy.2 Articles have been published regarding the feasibility of performing minilaparoscopic surgery for both the treatment of benign adnexal mases3 and endometriosis.4
Dr. McCarus presents compelling evidence regarding the cosmetic advantage of minilaparoscopy, but the reported impact on pain has been variable: As Alyssa Small Layne et al. states, “Some studies associate minilaparoscopy with decreased pain, whereas others did not find a difference.”5 In part, this is attributable to the fact that no matter what technique is performed, the pathology must be excised. However, it is my belief that with improvements in instrumentation – as noted by Dr. McCarus and our collected added experience – the postoperative pain profile for the patient undergoing minilaparoscopy will change dramatically.
For this edition of the Master Class in Gynecologic Surgery, I have enlisted the assistance of Dr. McCarus, who is the chief of gynecological surgery at Florida Hospital Celebration Health, Celebration. With over 25 years of experience, Dr. McCarus is nationally known as a leader in the practice of minimally invasive gynecologic surgery.
It is a pleasure to welcome Dr. McCarus to this edition of the Master Class in Gynecologic Surgery.
Dr. Miller is a clinical associate professor at the University of Illinois in Chicago and past president of the AAGL. He is a reproductive endocrinologist and minimally invasive gynecologic surgeon in metropolitan Chicago and the director of minimally invasive gynecologic surgery at Advocate Lutheran General Hospital, Park Ridge, Ill. He has no disclosures relevant to this Master Class.