In 2012, the AAGL issued Guidelines for Intraoperative Cystoscopy in Laparoscopic Hysterectomy ( J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2012 Jul-Aug;19:407-11. ). In this AAGL report, a meta-analysis noted 27 published trials comprising 3,643 cases. Laparoscopic hysterectomy was associated with an increased risk of urinary tract injury when compared with abdominal hysterectomy (odds ratio, 2.61; 95% confidence interval, 1.22-5.60), according to the meta-analysis ( BMJ. 2005 Jun 25;330:1478. ).
As a result of this meta-analysis, as well as multiple other studies, the AAGL Guidelines Committee noted that “current evidence supports the conclusion that cystoscopic evaluation of the lower urinary tract should be readily available to gynecologic surgeons performing laparoscopic hysterectomy.” The resultant guidelines recommend that “a surgeon with appropriate education, training, and institutional privileges be available without delay to perform the task (cystoscopy).”
Dr. Charles E. Miller
Besides the evaluation of the urinary tract for potential injury at hysterectomy, cystoscopy is useful in evaluation of various urogynecologic concerns, potential malignancy, and possible genitourinary fistula.
In this edition of the Master Class in Gynecologic Surgery, I have asked urogynecologist Dr. Neeraj Kohli to discuss the use of cystoscopy in gynecology, as well as to present new instrumentation to aide in the performance of the procedure.
Dr. Kohli is in private practice as medical director of Boston Urogyn in Wellesley, Mass., an ob.gyn. staff member at Brigham Women’s Hospital/Newton Wellesley Hospital, and assistant professor of ob.gyn. at Harvard Medical School in Boston.
Dr. Kohli is a nationally recognized leader in the field of urogynecology and reconstructive pelvic surgery, specializing in the treatment of pelvic prolapse, urinary incontinence, and advanced pelvic surgery. He has authored more than 100 scientific articles, book chapters, research abstracts, clinical presentations and multimedia educational tools.
Dr. Miller is a clinical associate professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago, immediate past president of the International Society for Gynecologic Endoscopy (ISGE), and a past president of the AAGL. He is a reproductive endocrinologist and minimally invasive gynecologic surgeon in private practice in Naperville, Ill., and Schaumburg, Ill.; director of minimally invasive gynecologic surgery and the director of the AAGL/SRS fellowship in minimally invasive gynecologic surgery at Advocate Lutheran General Hospital, Park Ridge, Ill; and the medical editor of this column, Master Class. Dr. Miller reported having no financial disclosures relevant to this Master Class.