LOS ANGELES – The investigational oral calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) blocker ubrogepant proved superior to placebo in treating a single, acute, moderate to severe migraine attack in the phase 3 ACHIEVE I trial.
Blocking the function of CGRP when it is pathologically released during a migraine attack is the mechanism of a bevy of antagonists under development for treating migraine, and theresults are the first to be reported from a phase 3 trial of an oral small molecule to treat single migraine attacks rather than prevent attacks with monoclonal antibodies targeting CGRP or its receptor, according to the lead author of ACHIEVE I, Joel M. Trugman, MD, director of clinical development for Allergan.
Dr. Trugman and his colleagues recruited 1,672 adult patients (88% female, mean age 41) with a history of migraine with or without aura, and randomized them to placebo, ubrogepant 50 mg, or ubrogepant 100 mg. Patients were instructed to treat a single migraine attack of moderate to severe pain intensity and record symptoms, such as pain, light sensitivity, and sound sensitivity, before and after taking the medication.
“The paradigm for this type of trial is to treat a single, well characterized migraine attack in a large population of patients,” Dr. Trugman said in a press conference at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology.
At 2 hours after dosing, the percentage of ubrogepant-treated patients achieving freedom from pain was significantly greater than the percentage of those treated with placebo (50 mg: 19.2%, P = .0023; 100 mg: 21.2%, P = .0003; placebo: 11.8%).
The percentage of ubrogepant-treated patients achieving absence of their most bothersome symptom was also significantly greater than that of placebo (50 mg: 38.6%, P = .0023; 100 mg: 37.7%, P = .0023; placebo: 27.8%).
Adverse events in the ubrogepant groups were similar to those of placebo, the most reported to be nausea, somnolence, and dry mouth.
Several authors are employees of Allergan, which sponsored the study.
SOURCE: Trugman J et al.