Photo Rounds

Papules below eyes

A 23-year-old man presented to his family physician (FP) with a 6-month history of growths under each eye. He felt self-conscious about the growths and wondered if they could be removed.

What’s your diagnosis?


 

The FP looked at the small papules closely and recognized them as white milia cysts and flesh-colored syringomas. He explained to the patient that both conditions were benign and discussed treatment options.

Milia cysts, which appear as shiny white papules, can be extracted. This procedure is performed without local anesthesia, and the most uncomfortable part is when pressure is applied with the comedone extractor against the infraorbital bone. (The billing code for this procedure is the same as the one used for acne surgery.)

Syringomas, however, are not easily treated. New lesions can form even if some resolve. Treatment options for syringomas include topical trichloroacetic acid, cryosurgery, and electrosurgery. Because this patient’s lesions were on the eyelids, as they often are, there are risks involved.

The patient agreed to extraction of the milia cysts, so the FP removed a number of them using the tip of a Number 11 scalpel blade and a comedone extractor. The patient was happy to have them removed and said that he would think about the options for syringoma treatment at a future date.

Photos and text for Photo Rounds Friday courtesy of Richard P. Usatine, MD. This case was adapted from: Smith M. Sebaceous hyperplasia. In: Usatine R, Smith M, Mayeaux EJ, et al, eds. Color Atlas of Family Medicine . 2nd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2013: 931-934.

To learn more about the Color Atlas of Family Medicine , see: www.amazon.com/Color-Family-Medicine-Richard-Usatine/dp/0071769641/

You can now get the second edition of the Color Atlas of Family Medicine as an app by clicking on this link: usatinemedia.com

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