HOUSTON – Minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity by multiparameter flow cytometry was linked to survival benefit in multiple myeloma patients undergoing autologous transplantation, according to results of the first U.S.-based study evaluating this endpoint as part of a national randomized clinical trial.
MRD-negative status was prognostic for improved progression-free survival at all time points measured over the course of 1 year post transplant, in this ancillary study of patients in the randomized, 3-armtrial.
Moreover, there was an overall survival benefit for MRD-negative status at 1 year post transplant, investigator Theresa A. Hahn, PhD, of Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, N.Y., reported at the Transplantation & Cellular Therapy Meetings.
There was no significant difference in rate of conversion to MRD negativity in the arms of the trial, which evaluated several different upfront approaches to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT).
Assessments of MRD beyond 1 year post transplant may be valuable in future trials, Dr. Hahn said.
“Trials are needed incorporating MRD as an endpoint for treatment decisions to augment, change, or discontinue therapy,” she added.
Results of the ancillary study known as PRIMeR (Prognostic Immunophenotyping for Myeloma Response) included 445 patients from STAMiNA who underwent MRD assessment at baseline, prior to maintenance, and at 1 year post transplantation.