Conference Coverage

Diabetes from checkpoint inhibitors probably means lifelong insulin


 

REPORTING FROM ENDO 2018


Median time to diabetes presentation after the start of ICI treatment was 12.3 weeks but ranged from 1 to 67.2 weeks. Half of the cases presented in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Patients had upward trending hyperglycemia and most had diabetes symptoms for a while before diagnosis. They presented with a blood glucose above 250 mg/dL, and more than half above 500 mg/dL. Median hemoglobin A1c at presentation was 8%, but ranged up to 12.5%.

Every patient required insulin, including the six that discontinued ICIs after developing diabetes. Diabetes resolved in just one patient at 10.2 months; she presented with DKA.

There were no obvious predisposing factors. None of the patients had histories of type 1 diabetes or other autoimmune disease. Five patients had well-controlled type 2 diabetes prior to ICI initiation; four had prediabetes. Some had family members with type 2 diabetes, but not type 1. Four had prior ICI exposure. Just three patients were on concomitant steroids.

A few patients also developed thyroid or pituitary dysfunction, which are more common side effects of ICIs.

Next Article: