Tyler M, age 40, otherwise healthy, and with a body mass index (BMI) of 30, presents to your office for his annual physical examination. He does not have a history of alcohol or tobacco use.
Mr. M’s obesity raises concern about metabolic syndrome, which warrants evaluation for hypertriglyceridemia (HTG). You offer him lipid testing to estimate his risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD).
The only abnormal value on the lipid panel is a triglyceride (TG) level of 264 mg/dL (normal, < 175 mg/dL). Mr. M’s 10-yr ASCVD risk is determined to be < 5%.
What, if any, intervention would be triggered by the finding of moderate HTG?
Alicia F, age 30, with a BMI of 28 and ASCVD risk < 7.5%, comes to the clinic for evaluation of anxiety and insomnia. She reports eating a high-carbohydrate diet and drinking 3 to 5 alcoholic beverages nightly to help her sleep.
Ms. F’s daily alcohol use prompts evaluation for HTG. Results show a TG level of 1300 mg/dL and a high-density lipoprotein (HDL) level of 25 mg/dL (healthy HDL levels: adult females, ≥ 50 mg/dL; adult males, ≥ 40 mg/dL). Other test results are normal, except for elevated transaminase levels (just under twice normal).
What, if any, action would be prompted by the patient’s severe HTG and below-normal HDL level?
Continue to: How HTG is defined