Sexuality and sexual function are often adversely affected in both men and women with SCI/D. Loss of sensation in the sexual organs, combined with difficulty with positioning and mobility and bowel and bladder dysfunction, contribute not only to sexual dysfunction, but to lower self-esteem and altered body image.40
It is important to remember that fertility is often unaffected in women, so routine discussions about contraception with women who have SCI/D and who are sexually active are imperative. At the same time, male fertility is usually profoundly affected by SCI/D; patients and their partners who are interested in having children will require specialized interventions. Address sexuality and fertility during primary care visits and refer patients to counseling or specialists as necessary.41-43
SCI/D requires a whole-person approach
The care of individuals with SCI/D requires a holistic approach that takes into consideration physical, psychological, environmental, and interpersonal factors44,45 and involves ongoing support from a variety of specialists. FPs, with their whole-person orientation, can be instrumental in ensuring the successful rehabilitation of patients affected by SCI/D, and in helping individuals attain, preserve, and enhance their health and well-being.
Ranit Mishori, MD, MHS, FAAFP, Georgetown University School of Medicine, 3900 Reservoir Road, NW, Pre-clinical Building GB-01D, Washington, DC 20007; firstname.lastname@example.org.