the results of a randomized study suggest.
Obstructive sleep apnea is present in 50%-80% of patients with stroke, previous studies show, and its presence is associated with impaired function and cognition, delirium, and longer rehabilitation time, among other negative impacts, wroteand her coauthors from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, in the . Although multiple trials have shown a positive effect of CPAP on stroke recovery, relatively few investigations have looked specifically at whether the intervention prevents subsequent vascular events.
Patients’ clinical stroke outcomes were categorized in accordance with the Modified Rankin Scale (), which is most widely used to assess disability and dependence outcomes among patients with stroke.
Significantly more patients who were treated with CPAP experienced an improvement in their mRS score by at least 1 point, when assessed at both 6 and 12 months following entrance into the study. Specifically, 53% (16) of patients in the CPAP group had an improvement of at least 1 point in their mRS score at 12 months, compared with 27% (11) of patients who did not use CPAP (P = .03).
“These differences are statistically significant, as well as clinically meaningful and relevant,” Dr. Gupta and her colleagues said in their report.
This finding was consistent with what researchers have seen in some earlier studies of stroke patients who used CPAP, the researchers wrote.