Risks of major adverse cardiovascular events and cancer on certolizumab
The risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) while on certolizumab ranged from a high of 0.62 MACE events per 100 patient-years in the rheumatoid arthritis population to a low of 0.1 per 100 patient-years in patients treated for Crohn’s disease or ankylosing spondylitis. Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis patients had MACE rates of 0.27 and 0.54, respectively.
Obesity was independently associated with increased risk of an acute MI and other MACEs. So was advanced age. No surprises there. The investigators calculated that 16.7% of MACEs in patients on certolizumab were attributable to obesity and another 20.9% were attributable to use of systemic corticosteroids.
The incidence rate for all malignancies, including nonmelanoma skin cancer, ranged from a low of 0.46 cases per 100 patient-years in the psoriatic arthritis cohort on certolizumab to a high of 0.93 in those with rheumatoid arthritis, with rates of 0.68, 0.73, and 0.51 in patients with psoriasis, Crohn’s disease, and ankylosing spondylitis, respectively.
Neither systemic corticosteroids, obesity, disease duration, or prior exposure to a TNF inhibitor was linked to increased risk of cancer in patients on certolizumab. The standout risk factor was age: Patients who were 65 or older at baseline were 11.4-fold more likely to develop cancer during participation in their clinical trial than were those younger than 45. Those who were 45 to 65 years old were 4.3-fold more likely to be diagnosed with a malignancy than were those younger than age 45.
Of note, concomitant use of methotrexate was associated with a statistically significant 28% reduction in malignancy risk.
Dr. Blauvelt reported serving as a consultant to and receiving research funding from UCB, the study sponsor, as well as more than two dozen other pharmaceutical companies.
SOURCE: Blauvelt A. EADV Congress, Abstract FC04.06.