The Food and Drug Administration has approved nivolumab for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with involvement of lymph nodes or in patients with metastatic disease who have undergone complete resection.
Nivolumab was previously approved for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma, the FDA said in a.
Approval was based on results from the CHECKMATE-238 trial, where 906 patients with completely resected stage IIIB/C or stage IV melanoma received either nivolumab or ipilimumab for up to 1 year. Recurrence-free survival was superior in patients who received nivolumab, with 34% of patients in the nivolumab group experiencing recurrence/death, compared to 45.5% in the ipilimumab group.
The recommended dose and schedule of nivolumab in adjuvant melanoma is 240 mg administered as an IV infusion over 60 minutes every 2 weeks until disease recurrence or unacceptable toxicity, for a maximum of 1 year, according to the FDA.
Nivolumab is marketed as Opdivo by Bristol-Myers Squibb Company.
Find the full press release on the FDA.