Clinical Review

Barriers to Self-Management in African American Adolescents with Asthma


 

References

According to asthma guidelines, the patient-provider relationship is essential to effective asthma self-management.4,5 However, there is little mention in the literature of team-based care. Clinicians such as physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners provide direct care to adolescents in terms of disease management and the overall effectiveness of treatment plans. African American youth demonstrate a need for asthma education that is comprehensive and that is contextualized to their daily lives. A team-based approach to care that includes social workers and community health workers may help to extend the reach of clinicians. Follow-up times with families and youth between office visits can be used to support adolescents to develop asthma self-management and allow them a safe space to describe frustrations and other emotions that contribute to their desire to be disease-free.

Summary

Asthma is a chronic disease that is often more severe and difficult to manage in African American adolescents. While African American adolescents describe developmental needs like those of other youth, cultural beliefs and contextual experiences influence their self-care management in unique ways. Opportunities exist to better understand the needs of African American adolescents and to help them successfully gain the knowledge, skills, and behaviors needed to effectively engage in self-management of their asthma.

Corresponding author: Wanda Gibson-Scipio, PhD, FNP-BC, FAANP, 5557 Cass Ave., 346 Cohn Building, Detroit, MI 48324; gibsonsc@wayne.edu.

Financial disclosures: None.

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