LAS VEGAS – Current guidelines recommend indefinite continuation of antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis B patients who are hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg)-negative. But emerging data suggest that this may not always be the case.
“It’s very provocative data, though not at the guideline level,” W. Ray Kim, MD, said in a presentation at the inaugural Perspectives in Digestive Diseases meeting held by Global Academy for Medical Education.
“There are patients who really have begged to go off treatment because they are sick of taking the medication for year after year after year,” said Dr. Kim, professor of medicine, gastroenterology and hepatology, Stanford (Calif.) University.
In light of new data, taking them off medication might be “something to consider” in noncirrhotic patients if they are completely suppressed, have normal ALT, and have a low level of quantitative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), Dr. Kim told attendees.
The most current Association for the Advancement of the Study of Liver Diseasesstate that unless there is a competing rationale, antiviral therapy should be continued indefinitely for noncirrhotic adults with HBeAg‐negative immune‐active chronic hepatitis B.
They do also say that treatment discontinuation “may be considered” for individuals with proven loss of HBsAg. “However, there is currently insufficient evidence to definitively guide treatment decisions for such persons,” the guidelines say.
Evidence has emerged since those guideline statements were written. Most recently, German investigators published results of the