Conference Coverage

ERAS reduced opioid use, improved same-day discharge after gyn surgery

View on the News

Monitor for unintended ERAS consequences

The ERAS pathway described by Dr. Carter-Brooks embraces the core tenets of enhanced recovery, including standardized patient education, multimodal analgesia, and predefined postoperative metrics, according to invited discussant Mark Walters, MD.

Dr. Mark Walters

Dr. Mark Walters

“They documented reduced patient stays and excellent patient satisfaction when they introduced these deliberate and systematic performance improvement practices,” he said. “But implementing these protocols doesn’t happen in a vacuum.”

In fact, systematic culture change requires the involvement of surgeons, nurses, anesthesiologists, and administrative staff, Dr. Walters added.

“Additionally, such significant behavioral changes inevitably result in unintended consequences that must be carefully documented to learn how to mitigate harm in future patients,” he said.

Dr. Walters is professor and vice chair of gynecology in the Center of Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery, department of obstetrics and gynecology at the Cleveland Clinic. He is a consultant and teacher for Coloplast.


 

REPORTING FROM SGS 2018


In the second study, early outcomes after ERAS implementation were encouraging. Compared with 96 patients who underwent gynecologic surgery between June 1 and Aug. 31, 2015 (before ERAS implementation), 65 who underwent surgery afterward (between February and April 2017) had decreased intraoperative opioid use in open surgery (95 mg vs. 115 mg) and in minimally invasive surgery (75 mg vs. 95 mg), as well as decreased intravenous opioid use postoperatively for open surgery (44% vs. 71%), Mary Louise Fowler, a 4th-year medical student at Boston University, reported at the conference.

The ERAS patients also had shorter Foley catheter duration for minimally invasive surgery (16 vs. 2.3 hours), and they had a trend toward decreased intraoperative fluids for minimally invasive surgery (3.3 vs. 4.2 mL/kg per hour), Ms. Fowler said.

“We also found that there was no significant difference in the length of stay and postdischarge 3-day adverse outcomes,” she said.

The multidisciplinary consensus-based ERAS pathway developed at her institution was implemented beginning Feb. 1, 2017, in response to the national call to reduce opioid use, she explained, noting that a predetermined 4-month time line facilitated implementation by the target date.

Next Article: