Sequencing of 11 completely resected tumors linked major pathologic response with higher tumor mutational burden (P = .01). Mutational burden did not correlate with tumor programmed death ligand 1 expression. Deep sequencing of T-cell receptor–beta chain CDR3 regions also correlated major pathologic response with increased clonality of tumor-infiltrating T-cell clones that also expanded into peripheral blood. “Many of these clones were not detected in peripheral blood before treatment,” the investigators wrote.
In all, five (23%) patients developed treatment-related adverse events, and many developed more than one side effect. Grade 1-2 anorexia, taste distortion, vomiting, and diarrhea were most common, with isolated cases of grade 1-2 fever, infusion reaction, abdominal pain, abnormal liver function, dry skin, and delirium. The case of grade 3 pneumonia developed after the first dose of nivolumab. The patient stopped treatment and underwent uncomplicated surgical resection.
Funders included Cancer Research Institute–Stand Up 2 Cancer; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg–Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy; Bristol-Myers Squibb; International Immuno-Oncology Network, LUNGevity Foundation; International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer; Lung Cancer Foundation of America; and numerous other foundations and universities. Bristol-Myers Squibb makes nivolumab and supplied the study drug. Dr. Forde disclosed study grant support from Bristol-Myers Squibb. He reported ties to Bristol-Myers Squibb, AbbVie, and other pharmaceutical companies outside the submitted work.
SOURCE: Forde PM. AACR Annual Meeting 2018. Forde PM et al. N Engl J Med. 2018 Apr 16. .