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ACA repeal would impact adults at higher risk of chronic disease

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Build on progress already made

We believe that health care is a right, not a privilege, and all Americans should have access to high-quality health care, regardless of their income or personal circumstances. The United States has the most advanced health care system in the world by many criteria, but access to the system is uneven. Even with the ACA, 29 million people were without health insurance coverage for the entire 2015 calendar year.

The central questions remain of how to attain a health care system that is accessible to all Americans, that provides needed care while avoiding unnecessary care, and that delivers care at an affordable and sustainable price. The next steps are to build on the progress that has been made, which will require further improvements in health insurance coverage, the ability of people to obtain needed medical care regardless of income, and a continued shift away from fee-for-service medicine. The future is about universal health care coverage and access, improved quality, and payment reforms that will have a meaningful impact on the costs of health care and prescription drugs.

Rita F. Redberg, MD, is the editor of JAMA Internal Medicine, Robert Steinbrook, MD, is an editor at large, and Mitchell H. Katz, MD, is deputy editor. Their comments are taken from an accompanying editorial (JAMA Intern Med 2017 Jan 20. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9542). No conflicts of interest were declared.


 

FROM JAMA INTERNAL MEDICINE

Individuals at risk of losing health insurance with a potential repeal of the Affordable Care Act have significantly higher rates of self-reported poor health and are more likely to have certain chronic diseases, according to a research letter published Jan. 20 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

“Approximately 20 million individuals have gained health insurance under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), including young adults covered under parental insurance, those purchasing private insurance on exchanges, and those covered through state Medicaid expansion,” wrote Pinar Karaca-Mandic, PhD, of the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, and her coauthors. “As of mid-2016, 10.4 million individuals had private insurance policies through the exchanges, of whom 84% had incomes below 400% of the federal poverty level (FPL) and received premium tax credits.”

Compared with adults under 65 who had employer-sponsored health insurance, adults in these three groups were significantly more likely to self-report their health as “fair or poor” (JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Jan 20. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9541).

Adults without children and with incomes below 138% of the federal poverty level also had a significantly greater incidence of hypertension, coronary heart disease, cancer, diabetes, stroke, or any heart condition, compared with individuals with employer-sponsored insurance.

They were also significantly more likely to have visited a physician 10 or more times or visited the emergency department at least twice in the past year, and to have undergone surgery in the past year.

“Our analysis highlights the socioeconomic vulnerability and rates of chronic diseases and health care utilization of individuals at risk to lose health insurance if the ACA is modified or repealed,” according to Dr. Karaca-Mandic. “These consequences point to the challenges Congress should address before enacting new health care legislation.”

The study was supported by the NIH Early Independence Award. One author declared consulting fees from the pharmaceutical industry, and another declared private sector support through Yale University. No other conflicts of interest were declared.

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