LA JOLLA, CALIF. — Results of a phase 1 trial suggest a four-drug combination can produce durable responses in patients with relapsed or refractory T- and B-cell lymphomas.
Seven of 15 patients responded to treatment with romidepsin, gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, and dexamethasone, including six patients who achieved a complete response (CR).
The median duration of response was 8.5 months, and three patients had responses lasting more than 24 months.
Patients with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) in particular responded well to the combination.
, MD, of Washington University in St. Louis, and her colleagues presented these results in a poster at the annual T-cell Lymphoma Forum.
“[I]t was thought that the addition of histone deacetylase inhibitors to traditional platinum-based chemotherapies, which tend to cause DNA damage, would increase the response of platinum-based therapies,” Dr. Shah said.
With that in mind, she and her colleagues added romidepsin to gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, and dexamethasone and evaluated this combination in patients with relapsed/refractory lymphomas.
The trial () enrolled 15 patients — 6 with peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS), 6 with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and 3 with AITL.
The patients’ median age was 66 (range, 55-83), and they had received a median of 2 (range, 1-4) prior therapies.
The researchers tested three dose levels of romidepsin — 8 mg/m2, 10 mg/m2, and 12 mg/m2 — given on day 2 of a 21-day cycle. The study originally included romidepsin on day 8 as well. However, the researchers discontinued the day 8 dose after patients developed grade 4 thrombocytopenia.
Patients also received gemcitabine at 1,000 mg/m2 (day 1), oxaliplatin at 100 mg/m2 (day 1), and dexamethasone at 20 mg (days 1-4). All patients received pegfilgrastim at 6 mg (day 3) as well.
The patients could receive up to eight cycles of treatment if they had stable disease or better and did not experience significant toxicity.
There was one dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) — pneumonia — at the 8 mg/m2 dose of romidepsin (given on days 2 and 8). There was one DLT — bleeding — at the 10 mg/m2 dose (day 2 only).
Two patients experienced DLTs — neutropenic fever and grade 4 thrombocytopenia — at the 12 mg/m2 dose (day 2 only).
Based on these events, 10 mg/m2 was considered the maximum-tolerated dose of romidepsin.
The most common adverse events (AEs) in this trial were thrombocytopenia (n = 13), electrolyte abnormalities (n = 12), liver function abnormalities (n = 10), anemia (n = 9), neutropenia (n = 8), fatigue (n = 7), nausea (n = 7), and creatinine increase (n = 5).
Grade 3/4 AEs included thrombocytopenia (n = 13), neutropenia (n = 5), anemia (n = 3), hyperglycemia (n = 2), hyperuricemia (n = 2), febrile neutropenia (n = 1), tumor lysis syndrome (n = 1), vomiting (n = 1), peripheral sensory neuropathy (n = 1), pneumonia (n = 1), sepsis (n = 1), bleeding (n = 1), and elevated troponin (n = 1).
Serious AEs requiring hospitalization included pneumonia (n = 1), nausea and vomiting (n = 1), tumor lysis syndrome (n = 1), and complications of disease progression (n = 4).