SAN DIEGO – The chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy LCAR-B38M is in the race for approval in multiple myeloma following encouraging phase 1 results reported at the annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology.
In thephase 1/2 open study of 57 patients with advanced relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma treated with the investigational CAR T therapy, the overall response rate was 88% and the complete response rate was 74%. Among 42 patients who achieved complete response, 39 (68%) were negative for minimal residual disease (MRD).
With a median follow-up of 12 months, the median duration of response was 16 months and progression-free survival was 15 months. But in patients who achieved MRD-negative complete response, the median progression-free survival was extended to 24 months.
Pyrexia and cytokine release syndrome were reported in 90% or more of patients. Thrombocytopenia and leukopenia were reported in nearly half of patients.
The phase 1 study was conducted by researchers from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University in Xi’an, China. The B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)–directed CAR T-cell therapy is being jointly developed by Nanjing Legend Biotech and Janssen. A phase 2 study is currently being planned in China for LCAR-B38M. In parallel, Janssen and Legend are enrolling patients in aof the agent (also known as JNJ-68284528) in the United States.
The therapy joins a growing field of anti-BCMA CAR T-cell agents with promising initial trial results, including bb2121.
In a video interview at ASH, Sen Zhuang, MD, PhD, vice president of oncology clinical development at Janssen Research & Development, said this class of CAR T agents offers the potential for “very long remissions” and possibly even a “cure” for myeloma.
The LEGEND-2 study is sponsored by Nanjing Legend Biotech and two of the investigators reported employment with the company.