The Food and Drug Administration has approved dacomitinib tablets (VIZIMPRO) for the first-line treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R substitution mutations.
The second-generation, irreversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) has a recommended dose of 45 mg once daily with or without food.
Theis based on the randomized, active-controlled 452-patient , in which the drug showed improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) versus gefitinib. The median PFS was 14.7 in the dacomitinib arm, compared with 9.2 months in the gefitinib arm (hazard ratio 0.59).
ARCHER 1050 trial participants had good performance status, no prior therapy for metastatic disease or recurrent disease and were disease-free for at least 12 months following systemic non-EGFR TKI-containing therapy. Dacomitinib and gefitinib were given once-daily at 45 mg and 250 mg oral doses, respectively, until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
No improvement was seen in overall response rate or overall survival with dacomitinib vs. gefitinib.
Of 394 patients who received dacomitinib, 27% experienced serious adverse reactions – most often diarrhea, rash, paronychia, stomatitis, decreased appetite, dry skin, decreased weight, alopecia, cough, and pruritus, according to the FDA. Those that most often lead to discontinuation were diarrhea and interstitial lung disease.for dacomitinib contains warnings and precautions for interstitial lung disease, diarrhea, and dermatologic adverse reactions.