based on results of a randomized trial.
Using the mucosal exposure device increased adenoma detection rate by 12% without impacting safety or withdrawal time, suggesting that the two approaches have a synergistic effect, reported lead author Marco Spadaccini, MD, of Humanitas University, Pieve Emanuele, Italy, and colleagues.
“Recent advances in AI, deep learning, and computer vision led to implementation of computer-aided detection [CADe] of colorectal polyps,” thein Gastroenterology. “CADe-assisted colonoscopy already proved its efficacy by increasing adenoma detection in randomized parallel and crossover trials. However, such benefit is mostly related to the higher accuracy in spotting lesions already within the visual field, not affecting the amount of mucosa exposed by the endoscopist during the scope withdrawal. Increasing the mucosa exposure represents a complementary strategy to CADe in order to further improve detection of colorectal neoplasia.”
To test their hypothesis, the investigators conducted a randomized trial involving 1,316 subjects undergoing routine colonoscopy at six centers in Italy and Switzerland. Participants were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to undergo colonoscopy with CADe (GI Genius, Medtronic) or CADe plus a mucosal exposure device (Endocuff Vision, Olympus).
The combination approach yielded a 49.6% adenoma detection rate, compared with a 44.0% detection rate for CADe alone (relative risk, 1.12; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-1.26; P = .04). Adding the mucosal exposure device was also associated with a higher number of adenomas detected per colonoscopy. Withdrawal time and rate of unnecessary polypectomies did not differ between groups.
“The benefit of adding [the mucosal exposure device] to AI was expected due to the complementary nature of the interventions,” Dr. Spadaccini and colleagues wrote. “The benefit of [the mucosal exposure device] is limited to increase the quantity of mucosa exposed to the lens by flatting the folds and strengthening the angulations, and the benefit of AI is only in spotting a lesion that is already displayed within the field of view. Thus, we may speculate that the additional mucosal exposure was synergistic to the AI-assisted polyp recognition by AI.”
The benefits of a combination approach were not universal, however, as the mucosal exposure device did not improve detection of either serrated lesions or advanced adenomas. This result was anticipated, the investigators noted, since the miss rate for diminutive or proximal adenomas is higher than it is for larger or distal lesions, and previous research has suggested that AI-assisted and mucosal exposure techniques, when used alone, are most effective for detecting smaller, proximal lesions.
The study was funded by a European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Artificial Intelligence Award. The investigators disclosed additional relationships with Fujifilm, Medtronic, Olympus, and others.