From the Journals

Consider S. pyogenes in cases of pediatric intertrigo



Beefy-red, well demarcated lesions in skin folds without satellite lesions are the clinical signs of intertrigo, and Streptococcus pyogenes may be the cause, said Anca Chiriac, MD, PhD, of Apollonia University, Iasi, Romania, and her associates.

Intertrigo is frequently misdiagnosed in young children, and S. pyogenes skin infections often are misdiagnosed or overlooked. A case series of six children under 9 years of age was discussed in which the children presented with intense erythematous patches that often were pruritic occurring around the anus, in and around the umbilicus, on the vulva, in the intertriginous folds of the neck, in the toe web, and in the antecubital fossa.

The skin lesions often were misdiagnosed as contact dermatitis or atopic dermatitis or a fungal infection, and in several cases they were treated with potent corticosteroids, which aggravated the problem, or a topical antifungal, which had no effect. Swabs for bacterial culture identified S. pyogenes, and courses of oral antibiotics such as penicillin, amoxicillin, or ceftriaxone led to rapid improvement.

S. pyogenes skin infections complications include septicemia, arthritis, osteomyelitis, pneumonia, and toxic shock syndrome. “It is our practice to perform urinalysis because of the risk of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis,” Dr. Chiriac and her associates said. They recommended penicillin or cephalosporin in age-related doses, or erythromycin or clindamycin if children are allergic to penicillin.

Read more at (J Pediatr. 2017 May;184:230-1).

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