Photo Rounds

Growths on neck and beard area

A 51-year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) sought care from his family physician (FP) for multiple growths on his neck and beard area that he’d had for 3 months. He’d been under the care of an HIV specialist and said he was taking his medications as prescribed. The man had grown out his beard to cover some of the lesions, but still preferred to shave his neck. He had cut himself while shaving on the morning of the visit.

What's your diagnosis?


 

The FP diagnosed flat warts based on their typical appearance and location. Flat warts are frequently found on the face and neck and can easily be spread when men shave their beards or women shave their legs. Flat warts can also occur on the face of young children.

The FP suggested cryotherapy for the largest warts and prescribed topical imiquimod (3 times per week) for home use. The FP suggested that the patient wait 2 weeks before starting the imiquimod to allow the cryotherapy to do its work and for any blistering or irritation to subside. A follow-up appointment was set for 6 weeks.

At the follow-up visit, there was little improvement and the patient wanted to try an alternative therapy. The risks and benefits of Candida antigen intralesional injection were discussed and the patient decided to proceed with this approach. Intralesional injections with Candida antigen induce a localized, cell-mediated, and human papillomavirus (HPV)-specific response that may target the injected wart as well as more distant warts. This method has moderate effectiveness (60% cure rates) for treatment of recalcitrant warts. The Candida antigen must be diluted before use, and 0.1 to 0.3 mL should be injected into the largest warts using a 30-gauge needle (up to 1 mL per treatment). Warn patients to expect itching in the area, burning, or peeling, and repeat the procedure every 4 weeks with up to 3 treatments or until warts are gone.

For this patient, the Candida antigen was diluted with normal saline (0.25 mL of generic Candida antigen with 0.75 mL of normal saline). The mixture was injected with a 30-gauge needle into approximately 10 of the largest flat warts. One month later, all of the flat warts were gone.

Photos and text for Photo Rounds Friday courtesy of Richard P. Usatine, MD. This case was adapted from: Mayeaux, EJ. Flat warts. In: Usatine R, Smith M, Mayeaux EJ, et al, eds. Color Atlas of Family Medicine. 2nd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2013:755-758.

To learn more about the Color Atlas of Family Medicine, see: www.amazon.com/Color-Family-Medicine-Richard-Usatine/dp/0071769641/

You can now get the second edition of the Color Atlas of Family Medicine as an app by clicking on this link: usatinemedia.com

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