AFTER A HYSTERECTOMY, a 42-year-old woman developed a persistent fever and increased white blood cell count. The gynecologist prescribed ciprofloxacin for a urinary tract infection, and discharged the patient from the hospital on postoperative day 4. She returned to the gynecologist’s office with severe abdominal pain and vomiting 4 days after discharge. The gynecologist prescribed an antacid and told her to continue taking ciprofloxacin.
The patient was taken to the ED by ambulance 3 days later. Testing revealed a Clostridium dificule (C. diff) infection. During emergency surgery, a large portion of her colon was resected, and a colostomy was performed. The colostomy was reversed 6 months later. The patient developed an incisional hernia and has abdominal scarring.
PATIENT'S CLAIM Prophylactic antibiotics should have been prescribed before surgery.
Two possible scenarios were presented: 1) A bowel injury occurred during surgery, and ciprofloxacin likely worsened the infection caused by the bowel injury; or 2) ciprofloxacin triggered the C. diff infection that caused leaking colon perforations and subsequent peritonitis.
The colon perforations could have been avoided if the gynecologist had diagnosed and treated the C. diff infection in a timely manner.
PHYSICIAN'S DEFENSE The patient’s symptoms did not suggest a C. diff infection; testing was not necessary. Ciprofloxacin might have allowed the proliferation of the C. diff infection, but the use of the drug was not negligent. The infection was not preventable and could not have been diagnosed earlier.
VERDICT A $776,000 New York verdict was returned.
Brain injury and cerebral palsy: When did this occur?
DURING LABOR AND DELIVERY, there were periods when the fetal heart-rate tracings were nonreassuring with variable decelerations and fetal tachycardia; some variables were severe. The child suffered anoxic encephalopathy that caused neurologic injury and cerebral palsy.
PARENTS' CLAIM The infant suffered numerous hypoxic incidents before cesarean delivery was performed. An earlier cesarean delivery could have prevented the injury.
PHYSICIAN'S DEFENSE The newborn had a normal blood cord gas level of 7.2 pH and Apgar scores of 9 and 10, at 1 and 5 minutes, respectively. Fetal heart-rate tracings did not show evidence of fetal hypoxia. The brain injury likely occurred prior to the onset of labor and was possibly related to a viral encephalopathy.
VERDICT A Virginia defense verdict was returned. These cases were selected by the editors of OBG Management from Medical Malpractice Verdicts, Settlements & Experts, with permission of the editor, Lewis Laska (www.verdictslaska.com). The information available to the editors about the cases presented here is sometimes incomplete. Moreover, the cases may or may not have merit. Nevertheless, these cases represent the types of clinical situations that typically result in litigation and are meant to illustrate nationwide variation in jury verdicts and awards.