Talazoparib is already approved for adults with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated HER2-negative locally advanced or metastatic. The , granted following priority review, is based on findings from the randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 3 , published in The Lancet.
The 399 patients in the study were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either enzalutamide 160 mg daily plus either talazoparib 0.5 mg or placebo daily. Median radiographic progression-free survival (PFS) was not reached in the treatment group; it was 13.8 months in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.45). In an exploratory analysis by BRCA mutation status, patients with BRCA-mutated disease who received talazoparib exhibited an even stronger median radiographic PFS (HR, 0.20; not reached vs. 11 months) in comparison with those without BRCA-mutated disease (HR, 0.72; 24.7 vs. 16.7 months).
Serious adverse reactions occurred in 30% of patients who received talazoparib plus enzalutamide. The most common serious adverse reactions, reported in more than 2% of patients, included(9%) and fracture (3%). Discontinuation of talazoparib occurred in 10% of patients, according to a .
Pfizer also noted that a marketing authorization application for the drug combination has been accepted for review by the European Medicines Agency.
“Despite treatment advancement in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, the disease can progress quickly, and many patients may only receive one line of therapy,” lead investigator Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of the Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City,. Patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer harboring HRR genetic alterations have even worse outcomes, and thus the FDA’s approval of the talazoparib and enzalutamide combination “represents a treatment option deserving of excitement and attention.”
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