News from the FDA/CDC

FDA approves first two-drug tablet for HIV


The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the first two-drug, fixed-dose, complete regimen for HIV-infected adults, according to an FDA press announcement.

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Dovato (dolutegravir and lamivudine), a product of ViiV Healthcare, is intended to serve “as a complete regimen” for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in adults who have had no previous antiretroviral treatment and who have an infection with no known or suspected genetic substitutions associated with resistance to the individual components of Dovato.

“With this approval, patients who have never been treated have the option of taking a two-drug regimen in a single tablet while eliminating additional toxicity and potential drug interactions from a third drug,” said Debra Birnkrant, MD, director of the FDA’s Division of Antiviral Products.

The Dovato labeling includes a Boxed Warning that patients infected with both HIV and hepatitis B should add additional treatment for their HBV or consider a different drug regimen. The most common adverse reactions with Dovato were headache, diarrhea, nausea, insomnia, and fatigue. In addition, the FDA warned that, as there is a known risk for neural tube defects with dolutegravir, patients are advised to avoid use of Dovato at the time of conception through the first trimester of pregnancy.

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