Key clinical point : The small number of invasive aspergillosis cases may contribute to the low specificity of several tests in children after stem cell transplants and should be interpreted with caution.
Major finding: The sensitivity and specificity for probable invasive aspergillosis and potential invasive fungal disease was 80% and 55% for (1→3)-β-D-glucan (BDG); 40% and 100% for galactomannan; and 60% (and 95% (95% CI: 75–100%) for Aspergillus-specific real-time PCR.
Study details : The data come from 404 blood samples taken from 26 pediatric patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation between April 2016 and March 2018 at a single center.
Disclosures: The study received no outside funding. The researchers had no financial conflicts to disclose.
Source: Springer J et al. J Fungi (Basel). 2021 Mar 22. doi: 10.3390/jof7030238.