Feature

To screen or not to screen: lung and breast cancer


 

Although the incidence of lung cancer in the United States has been falling in recent years because of a decrease in cigarette smoking, the disease is still the third most common cancer, and the leading cause of cancer death. In March 2014, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) updated its 2004 recommendations for lung cancer screening by commissioning a systematic evidence review of low-dose computed tomography (CT) by focusing on new evidence from randomized clinical trials published since 2004. In addition, a modeling study provided information about the optimum screening age, screening interval, and the risk-benefit ratio for screening.

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