Oxidative stress-related genetic variants, in particular, theaccording to Igor F. Domingos of the Genetics Postgraduate Program, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil, and colleagues.
The researchers genotyped 499 unrelated adult patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) for a variety of polymorphisms, along with alpha-thalassemia status and beta-globin gene haplotypes.
They found that SOD2 Val16Ala polymorphism was independently associated with risk of stroke (odds ratio, 1.98; 95% confidence interval, 1.18-3.32; P = .009) and with the long-term cumulative incidence of stroke (hazard ratio, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.3-3.9; P = .004).
A crucial limitation identified by the authors was the inability to replicate their results in a validation cohort. They suggested that there could have been genetic differences between the Brazilian population and the validation cohort of 231 patients followed at King’s College London for whom biological samples was available. They also suggested that patient treatment history between the two countries may be a factor.
“We believe that our study represents an alternative for understudied SCA populations with no access to TCD [transcranial Doppler ultrasound screening] and imaging exams, in which genetic modifiers may be a useful tool for predicting stroke in SCA,” the authors concluded.
The authors reported that they had no competing financial interests.
SOURCE: Domingos IF et al. J Neurol Sci. 2020 Apr 16; .